An infection at the core of the tooth (the pulp) caused by severe cavities or trauma can lead to a bacterial infection spreading through the root canals to the surrounding bone tissue.
Root canal treatment describes the measures implemented to restore and maintain the health of the pulp and the surrounding tissue. The procedure includes to locate the root canals, so that the pulp can be carefully cleaned, and the roots gently opened up for disinfection. The root canals are finally sealed preventing bacteria from re-entering the cavity. In our dental practice we carry out root canal treatments using endometrics (electrical determination of the length of a root canal) eliminating the need for an x-ray and unnecessary radiation exposure.
- Piercing, throbbing pain in the tooth
- Pain when pressure is applied
- Extreme sensitivity to hot and cold
- General sensitivity to touch (tooth “feels too long”)
- Pain when biting
- Tooth discolours either becoming darker or yellow after trauma (e.g. impact or accident)
- Gum swelling and sensitivity to pressure
- Bone disintegration at the tip of the root (visible on x-ray)
- Severe cavities
- Inflammation of the nerve (Pulpitis)
- Periodontitis with pronounced periodontal pockets
- Tooth fracture in an accident
- Trauma from past treatment
- Tooth decay
- Preserve the natural tooth
- Long-term elimination of pain and sensitivity
- Complete eradication of germs and bacteria
- Permanent closure of the root canal preventing bacteria from re-entering
- Cavities (and possibly also inadequate prosthetic fittings) are removed
- The top of the root is removed and root canals are located using a high-precision microscope. The length of the root canal is exactly measured using electrical impedance measurement.
- Root canals are mechanically prepared using various nickel-titanium rotary instruments.
- Canals are rinsed using an antibacterial solution and ultrasound technology to eliminate germs and bacteria.
- Root canals are dried and then filled with a biocompatible material sealing the canal system and protecting it from renewed bacterial infection.
- The tooth is sealed using a filling base.
- A new prosthetic fitting is produced to protect the tooth.
Many studies have shown that the prospects of endodontic treatment are promising with 75-95% success rates where the procedure is carried out using the latest scientific standards. Dr. Pink and colleagues dental practice uses state-of-the-art technology and proven methods to achieve the best results.
In some particularly complicated cases and despite the correct treatment of the tooth using root canal therapy, it may be necessary to perform a root tip resection. Detailed information about this indication can be found on our root tip resection webpage.
You also play an important role in ensuring the lasting success of the treatment. The first step is a check-up to review the treatment outcome and, if necessary, commence further measures e.g. a follow-up x-ray. We emphasise that good oral hygiene and regular oral prophylaxis significantly reduce the risk of cavities and periodontitis, and help to keep your teeth healthy.